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Cook's Corner Gourmet Shop invites you to browse our extensive selection of fresh roasted gourmet coffees and flavored coffee, specialty teas, gourmet foods and kitchen gadgets online or in our retail shop located in The Historic Town of Smithville, New Jersey.

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Gourmet Coffee Shop

About Coffee

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Species of coffee
There are two main species of coffee Arabica and Robusta Arabic coffees grow best at altitudes above 3,000 to 6,000 feet above sea level. These beans are also known as high-grown or hard - beans. Arabica is considered a higher quality bean which is more aromatic, heavier in body, a more pronounced acidity and more flavorful brew than your lower-grown coffee. Robusta coffees grow at lower altitudes below 2,000 feet above sea level. Robusta is less flavorful and aromatic than higher grown coffee. These beans are less expensive and usually used as a filler in caned coffee, or made into instant coffee.

The coffee tree
A coffee tree can grow up to15 feet( usually maintained at 8 feet) and it takes nearly four years for a tree too mature. These trees are aromatic and produce white flowers. The flowers produce a coffee cherry that resemble a cranberry. Coffee cherries are harvested when they become nice and ripe. The cherries are shaken loose or hand picked( for better quality) and transported to processing plant. Overripe cherries and green ones are removed after sorting. Each coffee cherry produces two green beans. Coffee beans are the seeds contained inside the red coffee cherry which is also known as the coffee fruit. The best beans are screened for size, density and discoloration.

Approximately 2000 coffee cherries make up a pound of coffee and since there are two beans in a cherry that's 4000 or about 50 beans per cup

The coffee bean
The coffee beans aroma and many characteristics of taste are affected by: country, region, temperature, altitude, rainfall, soil, The proper growth and the ripeness of the bean when picked, bean quality ( grade, size and appearance). The age of the coffee (green) can even makes a difference. Roasting the coffee beans and the length of time of roast also effects the taste (hoping the roaster is accurate enough bring out its unique flavor) The grind ( course, perc, drip, auto drip, fine, espresso and Turkish ). The proper brewing method ( percolator, press, drip, espresso, Turkish (which one is best? ). (cleaning your equipment occasionally will help a great deal) Water quality (filtered preferred) Finally the time when you actually drink your coffee

Coffee beans contain moisture, roasting on average can cause a 20% loss of bean weight. Moisture {that} is forced out to the surface and gives dark roasts there oily appearance. The roasting process causes the bean to double in size.

Cook's Corner is a "Small Specialty Coffee Roaster". We slow roast our coffee in small batches everyday in our store. Slow roasting takes about 15 - 20 minutes. This will bring out the unique flavor characteristics of each coffee. Roasting in small batches is the best way to get great tasting freshly roasted coffee. Where as commercial roasters will compromise the flavor and quality of the coffee in a three minute roasters. They do this to meet productivity and price point rather than better tasting coffee.

Coffee does not require refrigeration, in fact it's not a good idea to store your coffee in the refrigerator because coffee absorbs flavors and aromas from other food products. To keep your coffee fresh we recommend storing it in an airtight container or zip-lock bag. If you're not going to use your supply of coffee within a month then you can store it in the freezer. If freezing is necessary, make sure to use an airtight container or zip-lock bag. ( Do not store dark roasted coffee in the freezer)

A high percentage of coffee is consumed stale (even purchased stale) due to improper handling Proper Storage can help coffee beans stay reasonably fresher Roasted coffee is a highly perishable product and starts to lose small amount of flavor within weeks. Refrigerate or freeze them? If not consumed in more than two week, I say freeze them. This slows down the chemical reaction that causes the beans to stale. Do not freeze dark roasted beans that have an oily surface. These oils on beans will jell, and destroy the flavor Even when stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator the pores of the bean absorb small amounts of odors Brewed coffee will lose its flavor in 30 minutes or less

GRINDING COFFEE AT HOME: There is two types of grinders:
Blade Grinders: Blade Grinders are most commonly used at home and are also known an used as a spice grinder. Blade Grinders have a tendency to heat and burn the beans and destroy the flavor ( Giving your coffee that not so pleasant burnt taste). To help prevent this grind for short period and stop wait few seconds then grind again and do this until desired grind. There is no precise way to adjust a blade grinder. Coffee should not be stored in the grinder and must be cleaned regularly. Burr Grinder: Burr Grinders flakes or crush the beans apart and the grind can be adjusted. Not all store burr grinders are set exactly the same these grinder also must be adjusted for proper setting and must be cleaned regularly. If you get your coffee ground at your local coffee shop, be sure that they have at least two grinder one for your single origin  coffees and one for flavored coffee. That way you do not get your chocolate mixed in with your Costa Rican.

Making a cup of coffee
Grind enough for each pot or cup. It is important to grind properly for each brewing method. The finer the grind you will get a much more flavorful and stronger cup of coffee.

Use fresh cold water ( filtered if possible ), 2 level tablespoons of coffee per 8oz of water. or a full 3/4 cup scoop for a 64oz. coffee pot.

If your coffee taste to strong or bitter adjust the grind or amount of water used. Grind coarser for milder flavor. Use 45 oz of water to a 1/2 cup of ground coffee, add hot water to your brewed coffee pot. It may sound sill but use but it works. When you use less coffee and more water the coffee is over extracted which will results in a bad tasting coffee.

Other Facts
Coffee contains more than 1,000 chemical compounds.

Coffee is one of the top ten most recognizable odors.

Antioxidants in Coffee

Antioxidants are found in coffee and its immediate aroma after brewing. During the brewing process, the antioxidants released are just as potent as vitamins C and E. A scientific report from the University of California found the antioxidant level in a cup of coffee contains the same amounts of antioxidants as in three oranges.

The antioxidant found in coffee and its aroma could help prevent cancer and heart diseases, diabetes and cataracts. Want the most benefits from coffee? Drink it as soon as possible.

Caffeine in a cup of coffee
Caffeine is a naturally occurring substance found in seeds, fruit or leaves in more than 60 species of plants, such as coffee, tea, cola nuts, cocoa beans.
The amount of caffeine in a cup of coffee may vary due to serving size, brewing method, variety of plant, brands, etc.
There is about 100- 200 milligrams of caffeine in a regular drip cup of coffee.
Decaf. has about 2-4 mg. Espresso has 75-100millagrams of caffeine one serving(1.5-2oz)
An cup of tea can contain any where from 25-110 milligrams of caffeine.
Instant tea has about 20-30mgs

Caffeine stimulates the heart and respiratory systems, the central nervous system, cardiac muscles, and is also diuretic. As a stimulant coffee has a very fast reaction time. Coffee increases mental alertness and activity which can improve reaction time such as driving. Coffee was originally used as a medicine to treat asthma, hay fever and depression. Coffee helps relax the bronchial muscles which help to relieve asthma attacks. Caffeine increases the potency of medicines such as aspirin. It is used in treating migraines by constricting the dilated blood vessels and thereby reduces the pain.

Does espresso has less caffeine than a regular cup of coffee? Yes and no.
A cup of espresso (approximate. 1 ½ oz.) has about as much caffeine as a cup of coffee.
Caffeine in espresso per milliliter is higher than a regular cup of drip coffee.
Be aware that Espresso is prepared by using twice as much coffee per cup, resulting in a much higher content of caffeine. Darker roasted coffee tends to have less caffeine and less acid than lighter roasted beans. During the roasting process some of the caffeine and the acids are burned off.
Caffeine stimulates the body much quicker when taken in a concentrated dosage, such as a cup of espresso.

Yes, of course coffee can affect your sleeping pattern and may even prevent us from falling asleep. But, drinking coffee before going to sleep could also cause intense dreams and give us the ability to remember them in better detail.

Coffee Costs?
A pound of coffee will yield 50-60 cups. If your coffee is $10.00 lb, each cup would be about 15-20 cents per cup of coffee.

What's the most expensive coffee in the world?
Don't think to hard now. The paradoxurus is an Indonesian marsupial that eats the very best coffee "cherries" off the bush. Their selectivity is so renowned that locals retrieve the intact beans from their feces. They are sold as Kopi Luwak, which beats out Blue Mountain as the most expensive coffee in the world.

Acidity is a pleasing sharpness that accents the flavor and adds life to the coffee.

Do you like Coffee Ice Cream? Take an old pepper mill (clean pepper mill out good) and pour in some coffee that has already been ground into the mill, set it to fine and grind on top of vanilla or chocolate ice cream. Any coffee will work fine but I think Dark Roasted Sumatra is the best to use. This makes a real true flavored coffee ice cream without that artificial taste.
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About Coffee
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Cook's Corner Coffee Roasters - Roasting Gourmet Coffee In Small Batches Since 1990

Gourmet Coffees are roasted and packaged to order in a heat sealed foil gusseted one-way degassing valve bag with a tin tie reclosure. Taste the difference of fresh roasted quality gourmet coffee beans.

Roasting coffee transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee. The roasting process is integral to producing a savory cup of coffee. Coffee beans from different places have distinctive characteristics such as flavor, caffeine content, body or mouth feel, and acidity.

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